Create a JOB in SQL Server using SQL Query

Kailash Chandra Behera | Saturday, December 05, 2020

Introduction

This article provides a SQL query to creates a SQL agent job from the query window using transaction-SQL.

SQL Query to create Job

 -- =============================================  
      -- Author:          <Author,KAILASH CHANDRA BEHERA>  
      -- Create date: <Create Date,05 NOV 2020,>  
      -- =============================================  
      USE [msdb]  
      BEGIN TRANSACTION  
      DECLARE @ReturnCode INT  
      SELECT @ReturnCode = 0  
      /****** Object: JobCategory [[Uncategorized (Local)]]  Script Date: 24-11-2020 12:26:54 PM ******/  
      IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT name FROM msdb.dbo.syscategories WHERE name=N'[Uncategorized (Local)]' AND category_class=1)  
      BEGIN  
           EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_category @class=N'JOB', @type=N'LOCAL', @name=N'[Uncategorized (Local)]'  
           IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback  
      END  
 -- Replace the text name 'SQL Job Name' with your Job name what you want to give  
 -- Replace the 'UserID' with your login sql user id  
 --Replace the DatabaseName your database name  
 --CREATE SQL SERVER JOB AGENT  
      DECLARE @jobId BINARY(16)  
      EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_job @job_name=N'SQL Job Name',   
           @enabled=1,   
           @notify_level_eventlog=0,   
           @notify_level_email=0,   
           @notify_level_netsend=0,   
           @notify_level_page=0,   
           @delete_level=0,   
           @description=N'No description available.',   
           @category_name=N'[Uncategorized (Local)]',   
           @owner_login_name=N'UserID', @job_id = @jobId OUTPUT  
      IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback  
 --CREATES SQL JOB START STEP       
      EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobstep @job_id=@jobId, @step_name=N'OnStart',   
           @step_id=1,   
           @cmdexec_success_code=0,   
           @on_success_action=1,   
           @on_success_step_id=0,   
           @on_fail_action=4,   
           @on_fail_step_id=2,   
           @retry_attempts=0,   
           @retry_interval=0,   
           @os_run_priority=0, @subsystem=N'TSQL',   
           @command=N'SQL QUERY|SP',   
           @database_name=N'DatabaseName',   
           @flags=0  
      IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback  
      --CREATES A STEP TO BE EXECUTED WHEN FIRST STEP FAILES  
      EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobstep @job_id=@jobId, @step_name=N'OnFailor',   
           @step_id=2,   
           @cmdexec_success_code=0,   
           @on_success_action=4,   
           @on_success_step_id=1,   
           @on_fail_action=4,   
           @on_fail_step_id=1,   
           @retry_attempts=0,   
           @retry_interval=0,   
           @os_run_priority=0, @subsystem=N'TSQL',   
           @command=N'DECLARE @emailbudy NVARCHAR(500)  
 SET @emailbudy= (SELECT TOP 1 [message] +'' Due to ''+ [Errormessage] FROM HeightWidthLog ORDER BY id DESC);  
 EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail  
 @profile_name = ''MailAlert'',    
 @recipients =''receivermailaddress'',  
 @body = @emailbudy <br><br>,  
 @subject =''HeightWidthJob''  
 ',   
           @database_name=N'DatabaseName',   
           @flags=0  
      IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback  
      EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_update_job @job_id = @jobId, @start_step_id = 1  
      IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback  
 --CREATES SCHEDULER FOR THE JOB       
      EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobschedule @job_id=@jobId, @name=N'Every 10 minute',   
           @enabled=1,   
           @freq_type=4,   
           @freq_interval=1,   
           @freq_subday_type=4,   
           @freq_subday_interval=10,   
           @freq_relative_interval=0,   
           @freq_recurrence_factor=0,   
           @active_start_date=20190404,   
           @active_end_date=99991231,   
           @active_start_time=0,   
           @active_end_time=235959,   
           @schedule_uid=N'c0b80f31-7c41-4483-b7a2-ecb62789ceee'  
      IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback  
      EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobserver @job_id = @jobId, @server_name = N'(local)'  
      IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback  
      COMMIT TRANSACTION  
      GOTO EndSave  
      QuitWithRollback:  
   IF (@@TRANCOUNT > 0) ROLLBACK TRANSACTION  
      EndSave:  
 END  
 GO  

Thanks